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Lewis C. Lin’s 9 Most Standard Frameworks


Lewis Lin

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Swati Priyam. Swati is a product administration veteran with deep technical experience. She’s held roles at a number of the greatest manufacturers together with Expedia, Navis, and EMC. Swati holds a Grasp of Software program Engineering from Carnegie Mellon.

In case you’ve labored with Lewis, participated in his workshops, or learn his books, you realize that he’s all about frameworks.

Frameworks assist immensely, each on the job and on the interview. Frameworks get you higher outcomes and make sure that your considering and communication is thorough. Frameworks may impress your viewers too.

Under, I’ve described his favourite frameworks together with when and the way you need to use them.

Based on Lewis Lin, if you end up requested a behavioral query, as an alternative of giving a boring mechanical reply utilizing the STAR (State of affairs, Process, Motion, End result) methodology, you could discover a technique to painting your experiences as attention-grabbing, partaking tales that hiring managers can simply perceive and revel in. For that goal, he developed the DIGS framework as proven under:

  • D ramatize the scenario
  • I ndicate the options
  • G o via what you probably did
  • S ummarize your influence

Utilizing the DIGS framework not solely permits your interviewer to know the significance of the story you might be speaking about but additionally what you probably did with all potential options in thoughts. Lewis Lin recommends utilizing The Rule of Three framework whereas doing that. A listing of three issues inherently appears extra full than an inventory of two issues. Then again, an inventory of 4 or 5 issues is simply too many and may get overwhelming to the interviewer.

Whereas explaining the options, it is vitally useful to do a execs and cons listing which helps the interviewer perceive the thought means of the choice the storyteller made to unravel the issue.

If you undergo particulars of what you probably did, you may leverage the 5W and H framework to persuade the interviewer that you simply have been on the driving force’s seat in your story and never simply somebody sitting subsequent to the driving force. Listed under is the breakdown of this framework together with some examples of how one can use them to offer clear particulars in an attention-grabbing manner.

  • What did you do?
  • Who did you name?
  • When did you resolve to launch?
  • The place was the product launched first?
  • Why did you launch it there?
  • How did you prioritize?

CIRCLES Method by Lewis C. Lin

When requested a product design query, Lewis recommends adopting his CIRCLES Methodology as proven under to prepare your ideas and supply an entire response with out forgetting any step in an interview setting.

  • C omprehend the scenario
  • I dentify the client
  • R eport the client’s wants
  • C ut via prioritization
  • L ist Options
  • E valuate trade-offs
  • S ummarize your suggestions

As you Comprehend the scenario, it’s normally a very good apply to make use of the 5W and the H query listing.

Nonetheless, within the curiosity of time, Lewis recommends shortening to simply the 3Ws and H as an alternative:

  • What’s it?
  • Who’s it for?
  • Why do they want it?
  • And the way does it work?

To Establish and Report your buyer wants and to sketch the actions of the client, draw a buyer journey map.  It helps you uncover product enchancment areas simply. Whereas drawing the client journey map, take into consideration the 5Es guidelines to assist brainstorm totally different levels of the client expertise. Listed here are the 5Es:

  • E ntice: What occasion triggers a consumer to enter into the UX funnel?
  • E nter: What are the primary few steps within the UX funnel?
  • E ngage: What job(s) is the consumer making an attempt to perform?
  • E xit: How does the consumer full the duty?
  • E xtend: What comply with up actions happen after the consumer completes the duty?

After you may have recognized the client and their wants and are onto the step of Itemizing the options, you could bear in mind the Rule of three. Brainstorming on at the very least 3 or extra options will assist you to innovate iteratively and can put you in a cushty scenario because the interviewer critiques your options.

Underneath the product execution query sort, you could be requested to outline metrics for a product as you put together to launch a brand new characteristic to the market. AARM metrics is a good analytical framework which supplies step-by-step steering to measure your success. Listed under are some pattern inquiries to ask your self as you take care of a metrics query.

  • A cquisition – How are you going to monitor buyer sign-ups to your service?
  • A ctivation – What number of customers are totally registering to your service?
  • R etention – What number of customers are returning to make use of the service usually and in flip, serving to the enterprise?
  • M onetization – How a lot income can you accumulate from the customers?

The McKinsey SCR framework lets you craft a succinct enterprise story. Right here is how you need to use it:

  • S ituation – Clarify the context and information to familiarize the viewers
  • C omplication – What was the issue?
  • R esolution – How did you go about fixing the issue?

The ESTEEM Methodology is a step-by-step information for what you need to do to climb the PM ladder after you may have landed a terrific PM job. The elements are as listed:

  • E xecution – Legendary PMs ship 5-10x of what common PMs ship
  • S uperior communication expertise – Legendary PMs are robust communicators
  • T actical consciousness – Legendary PMs work smarter, not more durable
  • E xtraordinary psychological toughness – Legendary PMs don’t stop simply
  • E xceptional crew builder – Legendary PMs have a terrific community of proficient folks
  • M oonshot imaginative and prescient – Legendary PMs differentiate themselves with a moonshot imaginative and prescient

PEDALS is a six-step framework to information dialogue and improvement of scalable techniques. The six steps are:

  • P roccess necessities
  • E stimate
  • D esign the service
  • A rticulate the Knowledge Mannequin
  • L ist the Architectural Comonents
  • S scale

Whereas these frameworks, strategies, and acronyms are very helpful in organizing one’s ideas, one should bear in mind why they’re there and how one can use them. They’re meant to make your life straightforward.

Do not forget that these frameworks are simply pointers or checklists, however not full recipes.

For extra particulars, discuss with Lewis’ books:

Decode & Conquer by Lewis C. Lin
The Product Supervisor Interview by Lewis C Lin
The System Design Interview by Lewis C Lin and Shivam P Patel
Be the Biggest Product Supervisor Ever by Lewis C Lin

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